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22 мая 2018 года — Международный день биологического разнообразия

Текст видеообращения Исполнительного секретаря Конвенции о биологическом разнообразии, помощника Генерального секретаря Организации Объединенных Наций госпожи Кристианы Пашка Пальмер по случаю Международного дня биологического разнообразия, отмечаемого 22 мая 2018 года

Сообщение исполнительного секретаря Конвенции о биологическом Разнообразии

Сообщение исполнительного секретаря Конвенции о биологическом Разнообразии Кристианы Пашка Пальмер (Cristiana Pașca Palmer) по случаю Всемирного дня водно-болотных угодий 2 февраля 2018
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Отчет специальной группы технических экспертов по синтетической биологии

REPORT OF THE AD HOC TECHNICAL EXPERT GROUP ON SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY
MONTREAL, CANADA, 5-8 DECEMBER 2017

Онлайн-форум по информированию общественности в отношении ЖИО

На вебсайте Механизма посредничества по биобезопасности к Картахенскому протоколу по биобезопасности
В соответствии со статьей 23 Протокола Стороны Картахенского протокола по биобезопасности (КПБ) к Конвенции о биологическом разнообразии содействуют и способствуют информированию и просвещению общественности и ее участию в отношении обеспечения безопасности при передаче, обработке и использовании живых измененных организмов (ЖИО). На своем 5-м совещании Конференция сторон по биобезопасности в решении BS-V/13 приняла комплексную программу работы по информированию и просвещению общественности и ее участию в отношении ЖИО и предложила Секретариату КПБ организовать онлайн-форум и использовать другие соответствующие средства в целях содействия обмену информацией и опытом в ходе реализации программы работы.

Обучающие модули по доступу общественности к информации по биобезопасности

В марте 2017 года Секретариатом Конвенции о биологическом разнообразии на странице Biodiversity e-Learning Platform были помещены два новых обучающих модуля по доступу общественности к информации по биобезопасности и участию общественности в процессе принятия решений в отношении живых измененных организмов, а также электронный обучающий курс по Картахенскому протоколу по биобезопасности для должностных лиц таможенного / пограничного контроля, разработанный в сотрудничестве с Инициативой «Зеленая таможня». Приглашаем Вас посетить страницу и пройти обучающие курсы по биобезопасности. Курсы доступны на английском языке.

Four more instruments of ratifications needed for the entry into force of the

3 October 2016 — With Swaziland’s accession on 21 September 2016, the Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety needs only four more ratifications to enter into force.

The Supplementary Protocol aims to contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity by providing international rules and procedures for response measures in the event of damage resulting from living modified organisms.

CBD Executive Secretary Welcomes the Launch of Healthy Environment, Healthy People

Montreal, 27 May 2016 — Braulio Dias, the Executive Secretary to the Convention on Biological Diversity, welcomes a new UNEP report on environment and health which links a healthy environment and healthy ecosystems as the basis for the implementation of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development.

On 23 May, the United Nations Environment Programme launched a new report entitled Healthy Environment, Healthy People, prepared in collaboration with the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the World Health Organization (WHO), the Montreal Protocol and the Basel, Rotterdam, and Stockholm conventions. The launch of the new report marked the start of the second United Nations Environmental Assembly (UNEA-2).

Consumers ready to contribute to protection of biodiversity,

Montreal/Paris, 26 May 2016 — More and more people are aware of biodiversity. If credible information and reputable brands are available, consumers are ready to purchase biodiversity- friendly products and contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. These are among the latest insights of the Biodiversity Barometer, an annual survey of the Union for Ethical Biotrade (UEBT) on biodiversity awareness among consumers and leading beauty, food and beverage companies around the world.

Launched in 2009, the Biodiversity Barometer now distils the results of eight years of research on biodiversity awareness among 54,000 people in 16 countries. It offers valuable information — both for governments developing strategies to meet the United Nations Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and its Aichi Biodiversity Targets, and for companies shaping their approaches towards ethical sourcing of biodiversity. The Aichi Biodiversity Targets include one on awareness by 2020, at the latest, ensuring that “people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably”. The Biodiversity Barometer is one of the global indicators recognized under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

“It is particularly encouraging to see the growing biodiversity awareness around the world, with more education, and a focus on cultivating the interest of consumers in contributing to biodiversity conservation, I am confident that we can meet the 2020 target on biodiversity awareness and action”, says Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, the Executive Secretary of the CBD.

UEBT research shows that consumers would like to contribute to biodiversity conservation, but most don’t yet know how to go about it. They expect companies to respect people and biodiversity, but are currently far from confident that appropriate measures are being taken. Consumers want to receive more information, and could be convinced by the reputation of a brand as well as authentic, externally verified stories.

“ We see both a clear responsibility and opportunity for companies. Natural ingredient supply chains can be turned into positive agents of change, promoting actions that restore biodiversity and promote local development. This implies a significant challenge, of course, as it requires a paradigm shift and a true commitment to ethical sourcing, but it can be done. A few companies, including UEBT members, have already taken up the challenge and are leading the way», says Rik Kutsch Lojenga, UEBT Executive Director.

The beauty sector offers some inspiring examples of how companies can put their supply chains to work for people and biodiversity, and UEBT research shows consumers begin to recognize this. For instance, Natura Cosmetics, a Brazilian multinational that is widely recognized for their commitment to sustainability, has pioneered sourcing with respect of biodiversity for many years. Natura makes sustainable use of the Amazon’s biodiversity and actively contributes to local development, something that is verified independently by UEBT. The natural cosmetics company Weleda is another good example. Just recently, Weleda was awarded the Swiss Ethics Award for their engagement with UEBT and their commitment to promoting ethical sourcing practices along all their natural ingredient supply chains.

Also beyond UEBT, companies are acting. For instance, The Body Shop, which is also mentioned by consumers in the UEBT survey, recently launched a new global CSR Commitment, Enrich Not Exploit, with a pledge to enrich the planet, its biodiversity and resources.

The top ten insights from the 2016 UEBT Biodiversity Barometer are:

  1. The understanding of biodiversity is rising significantly around the world. Understanding has doubled in the USA, and increased by 70% in France and Germany since UEBT started measuring in 2009.
  2. Biodiversity is a global concept, with high awareness in emerging markets in Latin America and Asia. More than 90% of consumers, mostly internet connected, have heard about biodiversity in Brazil, China, France, Mexico, Peru, and Vietnam.
  3. People want to personally contribute to biodiversity conservation, but they generally don’t know how to go about it.
  4. Consumers around the world expect companies to respect biodiversity, but have little confidence that they currently do. On average, only around one-third of the respondents are confident that companies pay serious attention to ethical sourcing of biodiversity.
  5. Transparency is important. Consumers want to know whether sourcing practices respect people and biodiversity. They would like more information, preferably externally validated.
  6. Consumers are convinced of companies’ respect for people and biodiversity mainly through brand reputation, as well as through authentic stories and images in brands’ communication.
  7. Younger people have the highest awareness of biodiversity and can identify brands that respect biodiversity. They learn about biodiversity at school, and value companies taking concrete actions for people and biodiversity.
  8. Few international brands have positioned themselves around sourcing practices with respect for people and biodiversity.
  9. Corporate communication on biodiversity by beauty, food, and beverage companies is on the rise, but still falls short of expectations. Among the top 100 beauty companies, 38 communicate about biodiversity, whereas 63 among the top 100 food and beverage companies do. These numbers still need to go up, and so should the quality of reporting.
  10. References to access and benefit sharing (ABS) are rising in corporate communications. This follows the adoption of the Nagoya Protocol and EU rules on ABS in 2014.
  11. More information can be found in the 2016 UEBT Biodiversity Barometer. http ://ethi calbiotrade. org/biodiversity-b arometer/

Note to editors

Union for Ethical BioTrade

The Union for Ethical BioTrade (UEBT) is a member-based non-profit association that promotes the ‘Sourcing with Respect’ of ingredients that come from biodiversity. UEBT promotes sourcing practices that advance sustainable business growth, local development and biodiversity conservation. UEBT was created in 2007 as a spin off from the United Nations to promote business engagement in BioTrade. In 2011 the CBD and UEBT signed a MoU to contribute to the implementation of the CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020.

More information at: www.uebt.org, or contact pr@uebt.org.

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, and entering into force in December 1993, the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty for the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of the components of biodiversity and the equitable sharing of the benefits derived from the use of genetic resources. With 196 Parties up to now, the Convention has near universal participation among countries. The Convention seeks to address all threats to biodiversity and ecosystem services, including threats from climate change, through scientific assessments, the development of tools, incentives and processes, the transfer of technologies and good practices and the full and active involvement of relevant stakeholders including indigenous and local communities, youth, NGOs, women and the business community. The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing are supplementary agreements to the Convention. The Cartagena Protocol, which entered into force on 11 September 2003, seeks to protect biological diversity from the potential risks posed by living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. To date, 170 Parties have ratified the Cartagena Protocol. The Nagoya Protocol aims at sharing the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies. It entered into force on 12 October 2014 and to date has been ratified so far by 76 Parties. For more information visit: www.cbd.int. For additional information, please contact: David Ainsworth on +1 514 287 7025 or at david.ainsworth@cbd.int; or Johan Hedlund on +1                                                                                         514   287   6670 or at

johan.hedlund@cbd.int.

REGIONAL PROGRESS TOWARDS GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL TARGETS

22 May 2016, Cambridge, UK; Montreal, Canada; and Nairobi, Kenya — Today on the International Day for Biodiversity, a major series of four regional reports entitled The State of Biodiversity — a mid-term review of progress towards the Strategic Plan, have been launched.

The four reports, one each for Africa, Asia and the Pacific, West Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean were initiated by UNEP Division of Environmental Law and Conventions in collaboration with the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity and prepared by the United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC). . The reports offer a regional perspective of the Convention’s 2014 publication Global Biodiversity Outlook-4 (GB0-4).

Using a similar approach and method of analysis to that of GBO-4, each of the regional State of Biodiversity reports contains a summary of progress towards a set of 20 global environment-related goals known as the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, followed by a detailed target by target analysis and a summary of opportunities and recommendations for policy and decision makers.

The reports’ key findings are that all regions are making good progress on Target 11 (protected areas), Target 16 (ratifying the Nagoya Protocol), Target 17 (the adoption of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs) as policy instruments) and on Targets 18 and 19 (traditional knowledge respected, and knowledge shared, improved and applied). However, no region is making progress on Target 6 (sustainable management of marine resources), Target 8 (reduction of pollution), Target 10 (reduction of pressures on vulnerable ecosystems) and Target 14 (ecosystem and essential services safeguarded).

A further key finding is that the suite of responses to regional pressures on biodiversity varies from one region to another. Some focus on capacity building while others are testing approaches, such as, payment for ecosystem services, expansion of protected area networks, and ecosystem service valuation.

For example, the Africa report shows that while freshwater ecosystems are under pressure and forest decline and degradation continues, many countries are using investment in ecosystem service valuation and REDD+ to help achieve the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Many countries have already achieved the component of Target 11 on protected areas related to the area under protection. Eleven out of 20 Targets

are ‘on track’ or progressing towards achievements and eight show no significant progress or movement away from achievement.

The West Asia report shows that biodiversity and ecosystem services information in the region is limited and water scarcity, worsened by climate change, are a real threat to biodiversity. However, there has been considerable investment in building capacity and policymaking in the region over the past five years. While there were insufficient data to assess progress on four of the targets, eight out of 20 show signs of progress towards achievement and eight show ‘no significant progress’ or movement away towards achievement.

In Asia and the Pacific, the report highlights the pressures caused by unsustainable wildlife trade due to growth in demand and the devestating impact that invasive alien species can have on oceanic islands. Nonetheless, protected area networks have grown and voluntary certification schemes are showing modest growth. Although 13 out of 20 Targets show ‘no significant progress’ or movement away towards achievement, six are ‘on track’ or progressing towards achievement.

In Latin America and the Caribbean, the role of rapid economic growth in driving agricultural expansion and intensification, urbanization, infrastructure expansion and increasing pressure on natural resources has been noted. Despite this, the region has developed considerable capacity and expertise in a variety of conservation responses including the development of payment for ecosystem services schemes and ecotourism. Six out of 20 Targets show ‘no significant progress’ or movement away towards achievement while 13 are ‘on track’ or progressing towards achievement.

The work will support dialogue with regional partners and stakeholders by clearly communicating each region’s progress towards achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and stimulating discussions about collaborative actions that maximise opportunities to achieve the global goals of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity by 2020.

Note to editors

For more information or to speak to the report’s authors please contact:

Hilary Allison, Head of Ecosystem Assessment Programme, UNEP-WCMC

Mobile: +44 (0) 7872 542103, Email: Hilary.Allison@unep-wcmc.org

David Ainsworth, Information Officer, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity Cell: +1 514 833 0196, Tel: +1 514 287 7025, Email: David.Ainsworth@cbd.int

Publications can be downloaded using the following links:

  • The State of Biodiversity in Africa — a mid-term review of progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets

http: //wcmc.io/State -of-Biodiversity-Africa

  • The State of Biodiversity in West Asia — a mid-term review of progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets

http://wcmc.io/State-of-Biodiversity-WestAsia

The State of Biodiversity in Latin America and the Caribbean — a mid-term review of progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets

http://wcmc.io/State-of-Biodiversity-LatinAmericaAndCaribbean

 

UNEP-WCMC is a world leader in biodiversity knowledge. We work with a global network of scientists and policymakers to place biodiversity at the heart of decision-making. We pride ourselves on delivering and improving access to high quality information and analyses, to help our partners make enlightened choices for people and the planet. www.unep-wcmc.org

About the Convention on Biological Diversity

Opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, and entering into force in December 1993, the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty for the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of the components of biodiversity and the equitable sharing of the benefits derived from the use of genetic resources. With 196 Parties up to now, the Convention has near universal participation among countries. The Convention seeks to address all threats to biodiversity and ecosystem services, including threats from climate change, through scientific assessments, the development of tools, incentives and processes, the transfer of technologies and good practices and the full and active involvement of relevant stakeholders including indigenous and local communities, youth, NGOs, women and the business community. The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing are supplementary agreements to the Convention. The Cartagena Protocol, which entered into force on 11 September 2003, seeks to protect biological diversity from the potential risks posed by living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. To date, 170 Parties have ratified the Cartagena Protocol. The Nagoya Protocol aims at sharing the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies. It entered into force on 12 October 2014 and to date has been ratified so far by 75 Parties. For more information visit: www.cbd.int. For additional information, please contact:                     David Ainsworth on +1        514   287   7025 or at

david.ainsworth@cbd.int; or Johan Hedlund on +1 514 287 6670 or at johan.hedlund@cbd.int.

About UNEP Division of Environmental Law and Conventions

The Division of Environmental Law & Conventions (DELC) is the lead Division charged with carrying out the functions of UNEP that involve support for the development and implementation of environmental law including environmental conventions and governance.

G7 Environment Ministers communique welcomed by Head of Biodiversity Convention

20 May 2016, Montreal, Canada: The Toyama communique issued by G7 environment ministers has been welcomed by Braulio Dias, Executive Secretary to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), for its strong support to both the achievement of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets as well as the theme of the upcoming thirteenth Meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 13) to the CBD, in Cancun, Mexico from 4 to 17 December 2016.

“The messages in this communique demonstrate the growing commitment to achievement of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, conceived in Japan in 2010” said Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, Executive Secretary to the Convention on Biological Diversity. “I look forward to the deepening of global discussions on the ways to mainstream biodiversity into and across key areas of activity such as agriculture, forestry, fisheries and tourism, as well as into the Sustainable Development Goals.”

At the end of the 2 day meeting, which was held in Toyama, Japan from 15 to 16 May 2016 a joint communique was issued recognizing:

  • the need to transition to socio-economic systems that make conservation and sustainable use more valuable than unsustainable use;
  • the potential of ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaption disaster risk reduction at all levels including by local and national governments; and
  • The importance of promoting fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promoting appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed.

    The original statement by the Ministers can be viewed at: http: //www. env. go.ip/press/files/i p/102871 .pdf

  • The communique also includes a commitment to further develop and advance mechanisms for mainstreaming biodiversity for well-being across strategic sectors. This commitment provides support to the theme of the forthcoming COP 13, planned for Cancun, Mexico.

About the Convention on Biological Diversity

Opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, and entering into force in December 1993, the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international treaty for the conservation of biodiversity, the sustainable use of the components of biodiversity and the equitable sharing of the benefits derived from the use of genetic resources. With 196 Parties up to now, the Convention has near universal participation among countries. The Convention seeks to address all threats to biodiversity and ecosystem services, including threats from climate change, through scientific assessments, the development of tools, incentives and processes, the transfer of technologies and good practices and the full and active involvement of relevant stakeholders including indigenous and local communities, youth, NGOs, women and the business community. The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit Sharing are supplementary agreements to the Convention. The Cartagena Protocol, which entered into force on 11 September 2003, seeks to protect biological diversity from the potential risks posed by living modified organisms resulting from modern biotechnology. To date, 170 Parties have ratified the Cartagena Protocol. The Nagoya Protocol aims at sharing the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and by appropriate transfer of relevant technologies. It entered into force on 12 October 2014 and to date has been ratified so far by 75 Parties. For more information visit: www.cbd.int. For additional information, please contact:                     David Ainsworth on +1        514   287   7025 or at

david.ainsworth@cbd.int; or Johan Hedlund on +1 514 287 6670 or at johan.hedlund@cbd.int.